A medical specialty known as physical therapy and rehabilitation handles issues with movement and functional capacities. Patients must actively participate in rehabilitation programs in order to heal more quickly and comfortably. Physical therapy and physiotherapy are interchangeable terms. Physical therapists, often known as physiotherapists, are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of severe issues such illnesses, accidents, and impairments. Many conditions, including brain injury, stroke, Multiple Sclerosis, chronic pain, and sports injuries, are treated in part with physical therapy.
The following disorders are treated with the aid of physical therapy and rehabilitation:
Joint, bone, and soft tissue issues: Injury and trauma, as well as persistent discomfort (back, neck, shoulder pain, etc) (sports injuries, burns, bone fractures, spinal injuries)
disorders of the nervous system or brain: Stroke, MS (Multiple Sclerosis) or Parkinson’s disease-related mobility issues, traumatic brain damage
cardiovascular and circulatory issues: chest pain
respiratory illnesses affecting the lungs, including asthma, cystic fibrosis, and COPD
medical therapies, such as cancer treatments, might have side effects.
a few genetic diseases and birth abnormalities
defects in development
Physical therapy: What is it?
Physical therapy, also known as physiotherapy, is a medical specialty that aids patients in recovering their strength following an illness or accident, enhancing the physical capabilities and movements of those with disabilities, and improving and maintaining their general health. Physiotherapy:
helps you grow more flexible and powerful.
increases your ability and range of motion.
helps you breathe more easily.
decreases your discomfort
keeps you active and improves your mobility.
What exactly is rehab?
Rehabilitation is a complementary therapy that aids in regaining or enhancing physical, mental, and/or cognitive abilities that have been lost as a result of an illness, injury, or treatment-related adverse effect. Additionally, it can be applied to the treatment of chronic illnesses including Parkinson’s disease and MS. Rehab is beneficial because:
treating the primary illness and avoiding complications,
Improve functionality or treat disabilities,
modify the patient’s environment to accommodate artificial limbs,
Training helps patients and their families adjust to lifestyle changes.
For each issue, the rehabilitation team or physiotherapist establishes both short- and long-term goals. Goals typically focus on assisting folks in getting back on their feet. They assist the patient with daily tasks that they must perform (such as dressing, personal care, bathing, cooking and shopping).
The ultimate objective is to raise standard of living, lessen dependency on others, and guarantee a secure return to society.
What ailments is physiotherapy able to treat?
Physiotherapists concentrate on both preventative and curative measures. Physiotherapy can help with the following conditions:
Orthopedic physiotherapy is used to treat musculoskeletal conditions such sprains, lower back pain, arthritis, strains, bursitis, urine incontinence, posture issues, sports injuries, and job injuries, as well as limited mobility. Post-operative rehabilitation is also covered in this category.
Methods of physiotherapeutic treatment can reduce or even eliminate pain. Muscles and joints’ functionality can be recovered with it. Surgery is less necessary when the patient receives physiotherapy for pain relief or wound healing.
Physiotherapists are also knowledgeable about the particular risks of injury that various sports can provide. To enable a safe return to sports, they can create the necessary therapies and disability prevention strategies.
When there is a loss of mobility brought on by a neurological system condition, such as a stroke, spinal cord injury, brain injury, MS, or Parkinson’s disease, physiotherapy is effective.
Physiotherapy addresses the body’s weak spots and enhances balance and gait. By enhancing their mobility, physiotherapists help paralyzed patients become more independent at home and in their surroundings and require less assistance with daily activities like using the toilet, going to the bathroom, and getting dressed. (3)
Diabetes and vascular conditions
Exercise is a crucial component of a diabetes care plan since it greatly influences blood sugar control. Diabetes patients may suffer tingling or numbness in their legs and feet. In order to avoid and address these issues, physiotherapists give these patients the proper care and instruction.
lung and heart conditions
Physical therapy and rehabilitation both aid in the treatment of cardio-respiratory conditions such emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and chronic bronchitis. Following a procedure or a heart attack, patients receive cardiac rehabilitation, while those with functional issues receive physiotherapy.
Patients with lung conditions including asthma and COPD can have a higher quality of life with physiotherapeutic strengthening, conditioning, and breathing exercises. Additionally, physiotherapy can aid in lung fluid clearance.
The likelihood of falling is assessed before starting physiotherapy. Physiotherapists will help you with exercises that improve balance and coordination as well as walking aids if you have a high risk of falling. If an imbalance exists, physiotherapists can use specific procedures to swiftly restore vestibular function and lessen or completely remove dizzy sensations.
issues related to aging
Osteoporosis, arthritis, and joint prosthetics are all possible effects of aging. They receive assistance from physiotherapists in controlling arthritic or osteoporotic disorders as well as adjusting to the joint prosthesis.